There is an abundance of information accessible regarding the wellbeing of guinea pigs, and the most of it appears, on the surface at least, to be reasonably consistent. In this section, we will make an attempt to collect the information that we have acquired in order to provide you with a condensed indication of the issues that are related with bad health in your guinea pig and the indicators that you should look out for. Please do not hesitate to get on over to the veterinarian if you experience anything that may not be mentioned here and that may appear to be a little more serious. If you give your guinea pig the appropriate amount of care, together with a balanced diet, physical activity, and mental stimulation, you can practically guarantee that it will maintain its good health.
The majority of guinea pigs do not enjoy getting wet, which can make bathing them a challenge despite the fact that they need it. The bathing cycle should not be overdone, and you should strive to perform it only when it is absolutely required. If you want to keep your guinea pig in excellent health, there are certain types that will require more cleaning than others. This is primarily due to the length of their hair, but in general, you should try to avoid submerging them in water. It is possible for it to be stressful for them. Guinea pigs should live until they are 6 or 7 years old, and ensuring that their habitat is maintained clean and clear of dust and filth, as well as any waste food, urine, or faeces, would undoubtedly assist in that longevity. Guinea pigs should live until they are that age. The best results can be achieved by disinfecting the cage once every 10 days or so and performing spot cleaning on a daily basis.
As a part of your guinea pig health regime, try to examine them every other day for any signs of injury. They seem to be more prone to injury than other pets, and this may have something to do with the size of their environment, and the speeds at which they can and do move. They are fairly agile little creatures, and are quick to escape any signs of impending threat or danger.
Runny noses are something to be aware of, and this could be an allergic reaction to their bedding or housing material. Changes in environment, from the hutch/cage to the lounge carpet, or even under your jacket, can cause irritation. When you notice this, change the bedding, and see if you can pinpoint where or how the irritation might have stemmed from. Then avoid that space in the future.
Coughing or wheezing can be very hazardous, even fatal. In such a small animal any respiratory infections are serious, and you should get your pet to your local vet as soon as possible.
Maintaining good guinea pig health means to look out for watery eyes. Dust, dirt, pollen and other particles can adversely affect the eyes, causing tears. Again, a trip to the vet or your pet store can provide you with liquid drops to put into the eyes. This will hopefully remedy the situation. If not, please see your vet.
Hair loss will occur when your guinea pig has been cut or injured. The hair around the wound will fall out, as a natural thing. If your guinea pig is suffering extreme hair loss, possibly due to ringworm, fleas, or other parasitic infestation, take him to the vet immediately.
Good guinea pig health relies on a well balanced diet and lots of fibre. Too many wet foods could be the cause of diarrhea and if this is occurring, try increasing the amount of hay, pellets, dried food, and Vitamin C, whilst reducing the intake of fruit and vegetables. If your pet is releasing red or pink urine, get him to the vet as soon as possible. This will be due to blood being discharged into the urinary tract, and can be fatal.