The diet you provide for your guinea pig is a very important component of the entire care programme, and it is something that you should make an effort to comprehend in great detail. There are certain foods that should not be included in the diet of your guinea pig, despite the fact that there are certain things that the guinea pig needs. It is just as crucial, if not more so, to have a solid understanding of what these things are.
You should never consume cereals, nuts, chocolate, sweets, biscuits, peas, beans, bread, or sugar. These foods should be avoided at all costs. Be sure that the “pellets” you buy for your pet at the store or from a pet food source are NOT rabbit or rodent pellets. This is another important consideration when feeding your pet pellets. Your four-legged pet could develop a vitamin C deficiency, with symptoms not appearing until two to three weeks after they have contracted the sickness if you do not provide a food that is sufficient and well-balanced for them. This is one reason why it is so important to do so. Your animal companion will grow listless, lose his appetite, and weaken as a result. It is possible that within three to four weeks he may die as a result of eating less and losing weight, both of which will lead to his death.
Guinea pig diet must include Vitamin C as the Cavy cannot manufacture his own. They will require between 10 and 30mg per day to prevent scurvy. There are many supplemental ways to introduce more Vitamin C to your pet’s diet but of course the best method is always by making sure they eat lots of green leafy vegetables, and fresh fruit. A quarter of a 100mg Vitamin C chewable tablet could also be introduced into their food, if you think they might need a boost.
Fresh cold water is a must to include in your guinea pig diet, and it should always be clean. Preferably provide this in a drip bottle, and change it daily. It is important to NOT add supplements, or vitamins to the drinking water. Keep it pure and cold.
High quality, plain pellets, formulated with Vitamin C can be supplied as a snack for them to munch on when the urge takes them during the day. The correct amount would be somewhere in the region of a quarter cup per day. Keep them in a cool dark place, and always check the use-by date.
High quality grass or hay on an unlimited supply will ensure that their digestive system works normally. Feeding your guinea pig can largely be an automated process, with the supply of food being on hand when your pet becomes puckish, combined with their usual daily meals as provided by you.
Your guinea pig diet should always contain Vegetables and fresh fruit. About one cup a day of either a mixture of these items, or individually is enough to satisfy your guinea pig. Provide a variety so that there is always good balance in their diet, providing great health.
As an additional “treat” that is actually good for them in small doses, unsweetened, watered down cranberry juice. It is not only a great source of Vitamin C; it can help prevent urinary tract infections. Just make sure to change this once or twice a day, to avoid it going off.